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In this new world, people always try to stay healthy. As being healthy means long life, people all over the world believe this mantra. The life expectancy of an Indian is 69.27, and Americans are 78.54. There are five places in the world where people live extraordinary longevity. They lead their simple busy life as well as with a healthful diet. And they believe lived naturally means they don’t have mechanical conveniences.

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World Blue Zone

According to World Scientists, they have searched five Blue Zones in the world. Blue Zones are regions of the world where more people live longer than the average. The key to increasing life expectancy in all these Blue Zones is diet, regular exercise, strong social ties and finding a purpose in life.
The five Blue Zones in the world are- Okinawa Island In japan, Ikaria in Greece, Sardinia in Italy, Loma Linda in California, and the Nicoya Peninsula in Costa Rica.

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Okinawa, Japan

Okinawa is the largest of the Ryukyu island located at the coast of Japan. This island in Okinawa is famous in Japan for the extraordinary longevity of the people. There are 24.55 people over the age of 100 for every 100,000 inhabitants. It is higher than the global average. A unique traditional diet and also a simple lifestyle are giving these people some lifespans. The Okinawans eat a diet rich in vegetables and tofu served on a small plate.

As per their tradition, their diet contains 30 per cent green and yellow vegetables. Although the Japanese diet includes a large quantity of rice, Okinawa people consume less rice. But like other Japanese, they like the purple-fleshed Okinawan sweet potato. But unlike Japanese tradition, their diet has only 30 per cent of sugar and 15 per cent of grains. Their philosophy of joy meaning is the bonding between them. To live happily together with everyone plays an integral part in their longevity.

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Ikaria, Greece

Ikaria, this island in Greece, earned it the nickname- The Island Of Long Life. One in three people living on the island lives to be over 90 years old. According to the health experts, a healthy diet and an active lifestyle is the key to a long life on this beautiful island. There is another reason for their longevity, people here do what they love to do every day as a passion, and they avoid unnecessary anxiety.

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Sardinia, Italy

Sardinia in Italy is the place for the world longest living men. The inhabitants of this region are culturally isolated from other cities in Italy. They maintained a very traditional, healthy lifestyle. Sardinian people consume plenty of vegetables and also fresh catches fish. They are always close with family and friends and drink one or two glasses of wine almost every day. The unitary nature of such communities in Okinawa, Japan, is another reason directly related to longevity.

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Loma Linda, California

The people of Loma Linda, California, are the longest-living people in the United States. The group of about 9000 Seventh-day Adventists in Lomba Linda live about ten times longer than Americans. The average life expectancy here is 89 for men and 91 for women. Here the average lifespan is much higher than in other American cities. They believed health is the centre of faith, and they have strict rules about their diet, exercise and rest. The people here typically avoid eating meat and dairy products. Seventh-day Adventists are pure vegetarian and follow the ‘Biblical Diet“. ( Bible Diet is a health plan given by God that delivers all necessary nutrients we need to live the most abundant life possible).

There are seven agricultural products listed in the Bible. These are called the Seven Species: wheat, barley, figs, grapes, olives, pomegranates, and dates (Deut 8:8). The Bible often describes the land of Israel as a land “flowing with milk and honey”.

Also, Read Yoga Indias Most Successful Export To The World

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Nicoya Peninsula, Costa Rica

The Nicoya Peninsula in Costa Rica is the happiest place in Central America. Most Costa Ricans are very healthy here. The number of men over the age of 100 is much higher. The reason for their longevity and happiness is a high level of life satisfaction. The main reason for the longevity of the people of Nicoya Peninsula is that they are very active in their daily life. They maintain a healthy lifestyle and also eat very little throughout the day. And they do not eat any processed food at all. They like to hang out with their family and friends all the time. And being happy with everyone increases their life expectancy.

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One of my favourite parts about travelling is stranger meetup. I prefer to mingle with people than visiting historic monuments. No matter how much we travel alone, we get connected with some people somewhere during that journey. Meeting someone for the first time is very exciting for me. And my personal travel experiences taught me that strangers are much more helpful and polite. As we travel, we see changes in the environment, culture, and people in different places. And we will never know about their culture unless we mix with them.

I have made great connections with different people at different times in different places, including Nagaland, Pondicherry, Sikkim, Assam, on my nearly one and a half year journey. Later I may not have any direct contact with them, but I still feel that emotion when we met first. I can meet you on my next travel?

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The Lady And Her Tea stall In Guwahati

One afternoon I was waiting at the bus stand in Guwahati to catch a bus to Jorhat at night. Due to travel, I was exhausted, and I fell asleep. The shop where I came to have tea was owned by an Assamese woman. She offered me a cup of tea with some warm concern “did not you sleep last night? Please have it, we will feel better”. More than the tea, her kind words charged me up. Then I told her my travel details, she kept quiet and said “do you want to sleep? There is a room next to my shop where you sleep and rest”. Before I would say yes or no, she told me “don’t worry, it is a clean bed”. I wanted to sleep so I took the offer. When I woke up after two or three hours, she smiled and made me a very good evening snack. She asked me to wait there until my bus arrives. I thanked her, paid for my meal, and headed towards my bus. But she stopped me. She handed me a small packet. The kind woman said “it is your dinner with bread and vegetables.

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The kind Woman In Guwahati
The Kind Woman In Guwahati

Facebook Friend In Jorhat

In Jorhat, I met my social media’s friend. When I was in Nagaland through my Facebook profile I got connected with some locals from Jorhat. I had a conversation with a gentleman named Deepak. He lived with his family in Jorhat. Deepak assured me that he would arrange an auto for me from Jorhat bus stand to Majuli ferry ghat. Early morning I reached the Jorhat bus stand, Deepak’s called at the same time as the bus arrived. And I saw him waiting for me in an auto-rickshaw. He came to pick me because his auto driver was late for the day. By profession, he was the staff of a government school there. Deepak gave me a lot of information about Jorhat. We had breakfast together and he dropped me off at the ferry ghat to go to Majuli. I have very little time with Deepak but unforgettable.

 Social media friend Dipak at Jorhat
Social media friend Dipak at Jorhat

Belive In Strangers

It’s a simple incident. When I reached Majuli Island in the morning, I needed to go to the toilet badly. I asked some people about the location of the washroom. They showed me a place, but I could not go with my heavy backpack. They were strangers to me, but still, I had no option but to believe them at that moment. In there, I was worried about my backpack, as it had all my important documents and money. I was regretting my decision, but when I came out, I found them guarding my belongings. I was so relaxed. They ordered tea for me. It seemed that believing in people might be a little difficult, but sometimes we have no choice but to trust strangers, who might give a lifetime memory to cherish.

Sometimes I believe in stranger
Sometimes I believe in stranger

When Unknown People Become Good friends In Nagaland

Meet Unknown Friends In Nagaland
Meet Unknown Friends In Nagaland
My Extended Naga family
My Extended Naga family

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The world is full of good people. And in Nagaland, the fact was no different. Before travelling to Nagaland, many people warned me about Nagaland. Their culture, eating and drinking habit does not match with people like us. But the experience that I had is completely different. In Nagaland, I spent time with a beautiful Naga family. And their whole family helped me tremendously to get around Nagaland and took care of my other things.

As I was touring the Hornbill Festival, I met some young Naga people. And in a short time, they became very close friends. We went out together, sang songs and ate different foods. For the remaining four days I stayed with those new friends at their home in Kohima. They gave me tours in their car to different places in Nagaland. In my last 4 days in Nagaland, they never let me feel that I am not in my own house. And the warmest thing was that they cooked various famous dishes of Nagaland in their home and fed me.

A little village named Jumbur near Gir in the heart of Gujarat. Jambur is 24 km south of Sasan Gir. Actually, this village called an African village in India. The people who live here, are of African descent but they speak the Gujarati and Hindi languages in daily life. We see many places on the planet whose culture and language may not match that of the country. Even though Sierra Leone is a West African country, but its official language Bengali. Because in recognition of the contribution of Bangladeshi peacekeepers in the country’s civil war. Anyway, as soon as you enter this Jambur village in Gujarat it may seem as if you have entered an African city. But the demeanour of the people living here is Indian.

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The People Of Jambur Village

The people living in this village called Siddi People are originally known as Habshis. The local’s call this village Siddhi village. They are the direct descendants of the Bantu Tribe of the African Great Lake region. According to history, most of the Siddhi People were brought as slaves by the Portuguese from Southeast Africa to give the Nawab of Junagadh as Present. Over time they settled in India, mainly Gujarat, Karnataka, Hyderabad and Goa. But most Siddi people started living in this Jambur village in Gujarat. Islam was the common religion for them, many of them embraced the new belief and adapted to the environment here. As per local lore, a long time ago a ship loaded with African slaves came to the port of Gujarat and when those Africans landed they saw the lion of Gir and they thought they reached Africa. But it became a shock for them.

Also, Read Yoga- India’s Most Successful Export To The World

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Culture And Heritage

The Siddhi Peoples still hold their African unique culture. The Siddi community strictly married themselves, so their genes did not mix with the local Indian people. That is why they are still able to retain their unique African look. They have been living here for so long and have taken Gujarati customs as their tradition. They have almost forgotten their ancestral traditions. But they are trying to keep their few Bantu traditions preserved. They have been practising their traditional Goma Music and that dance form. And their dance style is still the same as the African dance style. The most interesting thing is that Siddhi People have maintained their African clothing fashion trend even from India. They wear colourful and bright clothes in their daily life. They maintain a unique balance of Indian culture and African culture in their simple life.

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When people all over the world go to the bars when they have a little time, for their favourite booze. Then the Rwandan People of Africa do the same thing, they also go to the bar but to drink milk. Rwanda is famous for the milk bars cultures all around the country. The capital of Rwanda, Kigali, completely crowded at every bar since early morning. Lots of motorcycles and cycles parked in front of every bar. And inside the bar, people have a glass of milk of their choice. And it’s the daily morning ritual of those people. Whenever a customer enters the bar, the milk bar owner smiled and said Mwaramutse – good morning in Kinyarwanda (The Offical language in Rwanda).

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Milk Bar Help Socialise People

All kinds of people can be seen in these bars, from kids to young people and old people. Some are eating beans with bread here, some are sitting with doughnuts or cakes. The interesting thing is that everyone is drinking the same thing here and that milk. Almost the same scene in all the milk bars throughout the city in Rwanda.

These milk bars constantly help to socialize different people and different communities. They like to meet for breakfast or lunch, to socialize with people from different backgrounds. They all enjoy having a good time and cheers together but the most common thing is the glass of milk in everyone’s hands.

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Kuruhimbi Milk Bar

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Kuruhimbi is one of the most famous milk bar chains in Kigali’s. This bar doesn’t serve a drop of liquor. Instead, milk is on tap. With the popularity of the Kuruhimbi milk bar, many similar milk bars are made all over the country. At the same time, there is a growing demand for milk businesses and milk products across Rwanda.

The bar menu is simple. Poured from a vast metal drum in the corner of the shop, frothy cups of milk are served hot or cold, with snacks such as cake, bread and boiled eggs. Ikivuguto, the thick fermented milk, is one of Kuruhimbi’s specialities.

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The Rwandan Wish

In Rwanda, you will say if you want to wish someone well you say ‘Gira Nika’ means may you have a cow or “amashyo” (have thousands of cows), and you’ll hear the response, “amashongore” (have thousands of female cows). When you want to express profound gratitude, you say, “nguhaye inka” which means I give you a cow.

Milk bar is unique to Rwanda. Cows are intrinsic to Rwandan culture and heritage. About 70 per cent of the population in this country is engaged in the agriculture sector.

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Yoga is the union of body, mind and spirit. And thus, it connects the individual to the universal. It’s about realizing the connection between the finite and the infinite, manifest and the unmanifest. This practice is bringing harmony in Thought, Word and Deed. Rigveda is one among the foremost sacred, and therefore, the oldest books of human history. It’s about eight to ten thousand years old, and it may be a part of this sacred writing. Maharishi Patanjali considered being the authority on yoga propounded, nearly 5000 years ago in ancient India. Lord Krishna and plenty of saints of India have also spoken about yoga. In the middle ages, the practice was confined only to the Royal family. And therefore, the scholarly class taught to students in gurukuls after passing a rigorous test. Bhagavad-Gita says ” Yogaha Karmasukaushalam” meaning yoga is skill in action and expression.

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How Yoga Gains Empires Around The World

The beginnings of yoga date back to the Indus Saraswati Valley civilization 5000 years ago. And it was first discovered

mentioned in the Vedas. More coded and organized. When Patanjali established his knowledge of this technic when he composed the Yoga Sutras around 400 AD, it was forgotten until the recovery of Swami Vivekananda in the late 1860s. Although Patanjali’s practice was aimed at attaining samadhi or knowledge, the rituals that came many centuries after his writings were meant to engage physically and mentally and enhance the living experience.

In 1893, when Swami Vivekananda travelled to Chicago to address the Parliament of the World Religions, he became interested in yoga by drawing attention to the practice. After that, this practice has gained a different dimension around the world. While the practice was accepted with arms wide open throughout the world.

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The Rise Of Ancient Yoga

The rise started with the two Indian celebrated yogis, Tirumalai Krishnamacharya and Sivananda. They established Hatha Yoga, the modern form of the practice that we know today. Krishnamacharya’s Mysore School of Hatha Yoga gave the world three leading yogis-B.K.S. Iyengar, T.K.V. Desikachar and K. Pattabhi Jois, men who have been responsible for the global ubiquity of yoga.

The virtues of yoga practice are slowly spreading all over the world. The fascination began in the 1940s, thanks to the efforts of Indra Devi or Eugenie Peterson. Peterson was an actor before she came in contact with Krishnamacharya and became one of his disciples-the first woman and foreigner to get the opportunity. After training for several years as his disciple, Devi travelled with the gospel of yoga to China and then to Hollywood. Indra Devi Often called the ‘First Lady of Yoga. Devi went where many others didn’t and attracted the West to this ancient practice by restructuring it to appeal to Western sensibilities.

Indra Devi (google Image)

The Significance Of June 21-International Yoga Day

June 21st, the day of uninterrupted summer, transforms the passage of the sun into the sky from north to south. The yogi and mystic, Sadhguru Jaggi Vasudev, explains: “In yogic lore, the first transmission of yoga by Shiva. And the Adiyogi, to his seven disciples, the Saptarishis, said to initiated on the first full moon after the summer solstice, which celebrated as Guru Purnima. This period, known as Dakshinayana, hailed as the phase when there is natural support for those pursuing spiritual practices.

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There are many forbidden places in the world for ordinary people or tourists. Our planet holds so many wonders, secrets and treasures waiting to be explored. However, some places are just too dangerous, too protected or wild or maybe even too special to visit. I want to see as much I can in this birth, but even if I want to, many times there is no way. Those places remain unexplored and mysterious to the world. I am mentioning some such forbidden places in the world here. But entry strictly prohibited for visitors.

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India- North Sentinel Island

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North Sentinel Island in the Andamans, one of the most mysterious places on the planet. Home to the Sentinelese tribe people on this island. They have no contact with the modern world yet. These people have no idea what is happening around the world outside of their island. If anyone visits their island they become ferrous and they start attacking with their weapon. According to history, the Sentinelese people of the island have lived on the island for about 50,000 years and under the protection of the Indian government. North Sentinel island is just one of the many islands in the Indian ocean not very large about 60 square kilometers or 23 square miles. However, this particular island completely closed to the public neither tourists nor residents nearby.

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Japan- Ise Grand Shrine

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Home to approximately 8000 shrines, Japan is popular for its shrine culture. However, Ise Grand Shrine is one of the most expensive, as well as the most important of all the shrines in Japan. The temple rebuilt after every 20 year to maintain the Shinto traditions dating back to the 8th century. Access is strictly limited, with the common public are not allowed, unless you are a member of the royal family, you will not be allowed to enter the shrine.

Brazil- Snake Island

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Ilha Da Queimada Grande or Snake island in Brazil is considered one of the most forbidden places in the world, not just in Brazil. These islands infested with thousands of deadly snakes. This place is so deadly and dangerous that the Brazilian government bans normal people from visiting here. The island is only home to the 4000 Golden lancehead snakes. Its venom is up to five times more potent than its mainland relative.

The real reason the island closed to the public, to protect the critically endangered snakes from poaching.
As these snakes are so rare that snake smugglers sell them for up to thirty thousand dollars on the black market

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Italy- Poveglia

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Poveglia is located between Venice and Lido in Northern Italy. It is a small island that has seen and heard a lot throughout history. Poveglia Castle, a shipping checkpoint, a separate station for the bubonic plague, and eventually a psychiatric hospital. So this island must have seen a lot of deaths and tragedies. So the psychiatric hospital closed in 1968 and the island abandoned. The island of Poveglia has long been considered one of the most haunted places in the world. Many claim that the island haunted by ghosts of plague victims.

Iceland- Surtsey Island

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The island of Suratsi in Iceland, created by a volcanic eruption just 57 years ago, which means scientists from around the world have had the unique opportunity to observe the birth and evolution of an ecosystem. Surtsey is off-limits because researchers don’t want to interfere with anyone or anything external in the process of evolution. This interesting phenomenon is briefly what limits its access to other regions of the world.

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Italy- Vatican’s Secret Archive

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The Vatican and the Catholic Church already seem mysterious, but did you know that they have a secret archive where they store documents related to the Catholic Church and some of them may be as early as the eighth century. The entire archive so large that it has 53 miles of shelves and no one with special permission for access prohibited from entering.

Magawa The rat directly responsible for saving the Cambodian people. The “hero rat” whose work sniffing out landmines in Cambodia. Magawa also won a medal for life-saving bravery. Magawa spent five years (2016-2021) sniffing out hazardous, unexploded weapons of war dotting the Cambodian countryside. Cambodia is one of the most mine-contaminated countries in the world. And Magawa one of the most successful bomb-sniffing rats of all time. This Hero rat retiring after five years of service.

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The Rat, Saving Cambodian live

In Cambodia, the mainstay of the economy is agriculture. But wars and conflicts have left 5 million landmines across the beautiful country. Over 40,000 people have been made mine amputees. Cambodia’s people work and live with the threat of injury and death every single day. Heroes come in all shapes and sizes but all of them have big hearts and brave spirits. Magawa is a landmine detection rat. He trained to alert his handler, whenever he finds explosives. So far, he cleared 141,000 square meters of land of unexploded landmines. As well as saving countless Cambodian lives. So far, Magawa has impacted more than a million people and freed them of the terror of landmines.

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Magawa’s Journey

Magawa, a giant African pouched rat. The Hero rat started his journey in Tanzania ( East Africa). He was born there as part of a breeding colony. He trained by the Belgium-registered charity called APOPO. Rat are normally weaned at the age of 10 weeks after that Magawa was socialized and thereafter he started clicker training. The rats are too light to trigger a mine so they just gently scratch over the mine. Magawa can find mines very quickly. He can search for a field the size of a tennis court in just twenty minutes. And he also famous for used his powerful sense of smell to detect TNT (the chemical compound used in explosives). Magawa just indicated the location and presence of TNT. Once he finds an explosive, he scratches the top to alert their human co-workers. If an explosive is found the spot will be marked and the threat will be removed and destroyed by expert de-miners. Magawa is also the rat responsible for discovering an anti-tank mine. In his five-year career, the rat sniffed out 71 landmines and many more unexploded items from Cambodia. Every landmine Magawa finds could save a life.

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The Honour

Magawa, awarded the prestigious PDSA Gold Medal for his work and bravery. According to PDSA (People’s Dispensary For Sick Animals), this is the very first time in our 77-year history of honoring animals that we will have presented a gold medal to a rat.

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Magawa’s handler ‘Malen’ says – Magawa’s performance has been unbeaten, and I have been proud to work side-by-side with him.

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Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer (LGBTQ) Pride Month, currently celebrated each year in June. To honor the 1969 Stonewall Uprising in Manhattan. Also in many parts of the world, June is the ‘Gay Pride Month’. Pride Month is dedicated to celebrating the LGBTQ community as well as their struggle against discrimination and social ostracisation. In many countries around the world, there are various activities for the LGBTQ community throughout the month. The events also at times serve as demonstrations for legal rights such as same-sex marriage. The Stonewall Uprising was a tipping point for the Gay Liberation Movement in the United States. In the United States, the last Sunday in June was initially celebrated as “Gay Pride Day” but the actual day was flexible.

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The History Of Pride Month

PRIDE is an acronym for Personal Rights in Defense and Education. The organization was formed in Los Angeles, California in 1966, by Steve Ginsburg. PRIDE, from its very inception, was much more radical than the pre-1960s homosexual rights groups.

On June 28, 1969, the Stonewall Inn, a gay bar in Greenwich village Manhattan became the focal point of the gay revolution. The Inn became quite popular for gay people. Also, The Stonewall Inn was one of the few places that allowed gay people to dance. During that era, police raided gay bars and arrested 13 people. The raid ignited the long pent-up frustration of the LGBTQ community. Also, many patrons and gay residents of the Greenwich village started to gather around the Inn. The situation turned aggressive, and many civilians were manhandled. Also, an LGBTQ woman was hit by a policeman as he bundled her into a police vehicle. Instantly, a full-fledged riot broke out led by trans women like Marsha PJohnson’s, Sylvia Rivera, and Miss Majorin. It led to five more days of belligerent protests and activism by the LGBTQ people of New York.

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On June 28th, 1970 people marked the first anniversary of the Stonewall Riots. This event was organized to remember the anniversary of the Stonewall Rebellion. And it was the first-ever Gay Pride March. This was not a parade as we know it today. There was no music, no dancing, no glitter. It was a legitimate risk to walk out and march. And it was a sign of resistance. New York, Los Angeles, and Chicago also started pride march at that same time. The next year, the marches had spread to Boston, Dallas, London, Paris, and even West Berlin.

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Pride Marches Of Acceptance

In the US, the first-ever ‘official’ Gay Pride Month was declared by President Bill Clinton in June 1999 and then followed up by declaring one in June 2000 as well. The Stonewall Riots hence mark an important day in the evolution of modern-day gay rights. In 2016, President Obama declared the Stonewall Inn a national monument. President Obama, during his two terms from 2009-2016, declared June as the LGBT pride month each year. Mr. Trump took to Twitter to announce that June was the LGBT pride month but abstained from an official proclamation. President Biden has declared June to be the LGBTQ+ Pride Month of 2021.

Since 2012, Google has also been increasing its LGBTQ + stand on its homepage. Any search on Google that deals with the subject of LGBTQ is an introduction to homosexual pride with a distinct rainbow color pattern.

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Quick Information

More than 150 official Pride festivals and events are happening around the world in 2021.

The Sao Paulo Brazil Gay Pride is considered the biggest and the best gay pride parade in the world. In fact, it holds the title The Largest Pride in the Guinness Book of World Records, as the biggest pride parade in the world starting in 2006 with 2.5 million people.

Kolkata’s pride march in 1999 was the oldest pride walk in India and South Asia, organized on 2 July. The walk was called The Friendship Walk. The parade began with hardly fifteen participants and some of these participants came from other cities in India, including Mumbai and Bangalore. Kolkata was chosen as the first city to host the march owing to Kolkata’s history of movements for human and Political Rights.

Amsterdam Pride didn’t start as a call for equal rights for LGBT people. This probably because the Netherlands is one of the most LGBT-friendly countries on the planet. In fact, it was the first to legalize same-sex marriage, which took place between two men in Amsterdam. The city’s gay pride festival usually happens on the first weekend of August, with cultural and sports events as well as street parties.

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Cover Pictures Source By Google Image

These fruit plants travel their way to India by several different routes. For hundreds of years, when sailors from different countries came to India at different times. They used to carry some of the good items or plants while traveling to other countries. That’s how a variety of vegetables and fruits began to reach Indian soil through various routes in ancient. Subsequently, all these fruits and vegetables were gradually cultivated in India. Later they remained as fruits of India. History shows that the origin of those fruits is in another country or continent.

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The Papaya

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The papaya is everywhere in India, but it actually American in origin. In fact, its name in Kannada is foreign-tree or parangi-mara, clearly showing its origin from abroad. According to 1590 Ain-i-Akbari, there was no mention of papaya among the fruits available in the Delhi market at that time. 8 more years later, the papaya seen in the Indian market. Papaya fruit came to India from the West Indies through the Philippines and Malaysia. Saying also that it “much resembles a melon”. Apparently, the Punjabis thought so too and called the papaya, “kharbuza”, which is their name for the melon. The English name papaya or pawpaw seems to derive from the Peruvian “papaie”. The green pieces of the plant carry an enzyme that helps tenderize the meat and make it cook more easily. and this knowledge has accompanied the papaya to every country to which it has traveled.

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The Guava

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Guava a common tropical fruit cultivated in many tropical and subtropical regions. The word guava comes from the Spanish ‘Guajava’, which pronounced Gua-hava. Guavas originated from Mexico, Central America, or northern South America throughout the Caribbean region. Where it domesticated a long time ago. By the late 17th century, it well established in India. Guava or Amarood, the fourth most widely grown fruit crop in India.

The Cheeku

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Sapota or Cheeku sounds really Indian, doesn’t it? But you are in for a disappointment. It is the Spanish name for this fruit. This long-lived evergreen tree native to southern Mexico, in Central America. At one time, the trunk of the tree used to be tapped for its latex or gum which was called “chicle;” this was the original chewing gum of the Mexicans, and later on of the United States. A well-known brand of chewing gum even today, called after this name (Chiclets). These trees grow very large, and young men called ‘chicleros’ were experts in clambering up to the top and tapping the gum from there. Today, the demand for chewing gum is so great that synthetic gums made in factories have completely replaced the chicle which was once used. Anyway, we still have the delicious Cheeku fruit to enjoy. It has grown in large quantities in India, Pakistan, Thailand, Malaysia, Cambodia, Indonesia, Vietnam, Bangladesh, and Mexico.

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The Avocado

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How many of you have tasted the butter-fruit? It looks very much like a green pear, and in Spanish it is called the avocado. It has a big seed and a pale-yellow, creamy flesh with a delicate nutty flavour. Three varieties of the avocado seem to have come to India from Central America, which is its original home. The variety which came from Mexico bears rather small fruit, those from Guatemala and the West Indies carry much larger ones. The butter-fruit seems to have reached us long after the other fruits that we have just read about, but already the huge tree has run wild all over the Western Ghats of south India.

The Pineapple

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The pineapple probably originates from Paraguay in South America. However, it quickly took root in India, and from the Ain-i-Akbari we know that in 1590 it sold in the Delhi bazaar at a price of four copper coins each. This was rather expensive because the same money would buy ten mangoes. The name pineapple gave to it because the fruit looks like an enlarged version of the cone of the pine tree, while its taste is sweet, like an apple. A common Indian name for pineapple is Ananas. This was given to it by the Spanish from one of its original South American names, which was ‘nana’

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The Kalash People Picture Source By Google Image

For centuries, the Kalash People lived in a remote mountainous region which now spreads contiguously across Afghanistan and Pakistan. However, Kalash people who lived in the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan carried on the legacy. The natural beauty of this region, almost isolated from the earth.

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The people, known as Kalash. They are said to have descended from soldiers of the army of Alexander the Great who traveled this way in 324 BCE. The animist Kalash is outwardly different from the darker-skinned Pakistani Muslims who live in the lowlands below them. Today, they form the smallest of Pakistan’s minority ethnic groups (numbering between 3,000 to 4,000 people) and can be found in three valleys: Bumburet, Rumbur, and Birir. The Kalash language is said to be part of the Dardic group of Indo-Aryan languages.

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Who Is This Kalash people

They say their ancestors came from Greece. There is a lot of evidence of it in history. According to historians, Alexander the Great conquered the mountains of northern Pakistan 2,000 years ago, where the Kalash now live. The people of Kalash have also been living here for almost two thousand years. There is no resemblance between Arabic or Urdu, the language spoken by the people of the Kalash tribe, which belongs to the Indo-Iranian language. According to Kalash people said that Alexander came to India even before Islam. When he returned to Greece after winning the war, some of his comrades remained. They like the natural beauty of Hindu Kush. Married local women. The infidel Kalash of Hindu Kush are their descendants.

The New York Times found that the Kalash people’s DNA seems to indicate that they had an infusion of European blood during a “mixing event” at roughly the time of Alexander’s conquests. These isolated people are thus most likely the direct descendants of the ancient Greek-Macedonian armies who set up outposts in this region 2,300 years ago.

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They Follow Ancient Culture

The Kalash people kept their pagan rituals and worshipped their ancient gods in outdoor temples, despite the fact that most Pakistanis converted to Islam throughout the decades. Most importantly, they produced wine much like the Greeks of antiquity did. This is a Muslim country that forbade alcohol.

They cultivate on the slopes of the hills for their livelihood. They have a life full of dance, song, entertainment. Earlier, the people followed a simple life, mostly dependent on agriculture and cattle rearing. Buckwheat and other crops were grown in the river valleys. The food prepared in wood-fired ovens. They followed a nature-oriented faith. which later some researchers equated with the animistic form of worship while others found similarities with ancient Hindu concepts.

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Customs

The customs of the Kalashas are very strange. One of them that has been much discussed is the custom of sending menstruating as well as pregnant women to the ‘Bashaleni’, a dorm-style building far from the main village. It is frequently referred to as a type of oppression by modern cultural interpreters. But according to Kalash people, it is the women who handle the bulk of everyday work; the time out.

The Kalash follow various social customs and rituals. When a boy goes from adolescence to youth, the boy, sent to the high mountains with sheep for the whole summer. When he survives and comes back to the village, Badulak festival is happing. In this festival, he will stay for one day, with any married, unmarried, and virgin girl in the village. For this, if anyone is pregnant, everyone in the village will consider it a blessing.

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Festival

Barbara West, a professor of anthropology at the University of Rochester. He says in the Encyclopedia of the Peoples of Asia and Oceania that “Kalash religion is a form of Hinduism that recognizes many gods and spirits” and that “given their Indo-Aryan language … the religion of The Kalasha is much more closely aligned the Hinduism of their Indian neighbors.

There are three main religious festivals of Kalash. In May, ‘Chilam Joshi’ is ‘Uchau’ in autumn and in mid-winter, the best festival is ‘Kaumus’. In this festival, they create human chains around the whole village. The priest of the temple spread the leaves of the juniper tree on the devotees like leather. At the end of the day, everyone dances and eats in a place called ‘Charso’ in the middle of the village.

The Kalas believe that at this time their most revered deity is ‘Baloman’ or they go around the valley and listen to everyone’s prayers. So big fires and torches are lit in the mountains to pay homage to the deity. Then they play the flute around the fire, play drums made of pinewood, clap their hands, and dance in circles.

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Modern Lifestyle

Numerous Kalash men and women in Nuristan, Afghanistan, have been forced to convert by the Taliban. But the Pakistani Kalash people are still fighting to preserve the tradition they have held for thousands of years. They are trying to hold on to their ancient culture. The traditions continue even today but have been much influenced by the incursions of modern lifestyle as motorable roads (rough and dusty) have made the remote villages accessible. Shops have opened in the valleys which provide meat and other food items, consumer products, etc. Electrification has made televisions, mobile phones and computers accessible. 

Even though the Kalash people and their culture, changing slowly over time. The elderly keepers are worried that the advent of modern lifestyle and the younger generation’s proximity to the Islamic lifestyle. A leader of the Kalash, Saifullah Jan, has stated, “If any Kalash converts to Islam, they cannot live among us anymore. We keep our identity strong.” About three thousand have converted to Islam or are descendants of converts, yet still, live nearby in the Kalash villages and maintain their language and many aspects of their ancient culture. 

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Tourism Kalash Valley

Tourism has also made inroads into the Kalash villages. Unless hindered by political situations, tourists arrive in spring and summer to see the rugged breathtaking beauty of the region and the unique lifestyle of the Kalash people. The villagers too look upon tourism as a way of earning and have set up homestays and hotels, and shops selling local handicrafts. One of the best occasions to visit the Kalash villages is during their colorful festivals.

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