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In this new world, people always try to stay healthy. As being healthy means long life, people all over the world believe this mantra. The life expectancy of an Indian is 69.27, and Americans are 78.54. There are five places in the world where people live extraordinary longevity. They lead their simple busy life as well as with a healthful diet. And they believe lived naturally means they don’t have mechanical conveniences.

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World Blue Zone

According to World Scientists, they have searched five Blue Zones in the world. Blue Zones are regions of the world where more people live longer than the average. The key to increasing life expectancy in all these Blue Zones is diet, regular exercise, strong social ties and finding a purpose in life.
The five Blue Zones in the world are- Okinawa Island In japan, Ikaria in Greece, Sardinia in Italy, Loma Linda in California, and the Nicoya Peninsula in Costa Rica.

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Okinawa, Japan

Okinawa is the largest of the Ryukyu island located at the coast of Japan. This island in Okinawa is famous in Japan for the extraordinary longevity of the people. There are 24.55 people over the age of 100 for every 100,000 inhabitants. It is higher than the global average. A unique traditional diet and also a simple lifestyle are giving these people some lifespans. The Okinawans eat a diet rich in vegetables and tofu served on a small plate.

As per their tradition, their diet contains 30 per cent green and yellow vegetables. Although the Japanese diet includes a large quantity of rice, Okinawa people consume less rice. But like other Japanese, they like the purple-fleshed Okinawan sweet potato. But unlike Japanese tradition, their diet has only 30 per cent of sugar and 15 per cent of grains. Their philosophy of joy meaning is the bonding between them. To live happily together with everyone plays an integral part in their longevity.

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Ikaria, Greece

Ikaria, this island in Greece, earned it the nickname- The Island Of Long Life. One in three people living on the island lives to be over 90 years old. According to the health experts, a healthy diet and an active lifestyle is the key to a long life on this beautiful island. There is another reason for their longevity, people here do what they love to do every day as a passion, and they avoid unnecessary anxiety.

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Sardinia, Italy

Sardinia in Italy is the place for the world longest living men. The inhabitants of this region are culturally isolated from other cities in Italy. They maintained a very traditional, healthy lifestyle. Sardinian people consume plenty of vegetables and also fresh catches fish. They are always close with family and friends and drink one or two glasses of wine almost every day. The unitary nature of such communities in Okinawa, Japan, is another reason directly related to longevity.

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Loma Linda, California

The people of Loma Linda, California, are the longest-living people in the United States. The group of about 9000 Seventh-day Adventists in Lomba Linda live about ten times longer than Americans. The average life expectancy here is 89 for men and 91 for women. Here the average lifespan is much higher than in other American cities. They believed health is the centre of faith, and they have strict rules about their diet, exercise and rest. The people here typically avoid eating meat and dairy products. Seventh-day Adventists are pure vegetarian and follow the ‘Biblical Diet“. ( Bible Diet is a health plan given by God that delivers all necessary nutrients we need to live the most abundant life possible).

There are seven agricultural products listed in the Bible. These are called the Seven Species: wheat, barley, figs, grapes, olives, pomegranates, and dates (Deut 8:8). The Bible often describes the land of Israel as a land “flowing with milk and honey”.

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Nicoya Peninsula, Costa Rica

The Nicoya Peninsula in Costa Rica is the happiest place in Central America. Most Costa Ricans are very healthy here. The number of men over the age of 100 is much higher. The reason for their longevity and happiness is a high level of life satisfaction. The main reason for the longevity of the people of Nicoya Peninsula is that they are very active in their daily life. They maintain a healthy lifestyle and also eat very little throughout the day. And they do not eat any processed food at all. They like to hang out with their family and friends all the time. And being happy with everyone increases their life expectancy.

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A little village named Jumbur near Gir in the heart of Gujarat. Jambur is 24 km south of Sasan Gir. Actually, this village called an African village in India. The people who live here, are of African descent but they speak the Gujarati and Hindi languages in daily life. We see many places on the planet whose culture and language may not match that of the country. Even though Sierra Leone is a West African country, but its official language Bengali. Because in recognition of the contribution of Bangladeshi peacekeepers in the country’s civil war. Anyway, as soon as you enter this Jambur village in Gujarat it may seem as if you have entered an African city. But the demeanour of the people living here is Indian.

Also, Read Rwandan People Go To Bars For Drink Milk

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The People Of Jambur Village

The people living in this village called Siddi People are originally known as Habshis. The local’s call this village Siddhi village. They are the direct descendants of the Bantu Tribe of the African Great Lake region. According to history, most of the Siddhi People were brought as slaves by the Portuguese from Southeast Africa to give the Nawab of Junagadh as Present. Over time they settled in India, mainly Gujarat, Karnataka, Hyderabad and Goa. But most Siddi people started living in this Jambur village in Gujarat. Islam was the common religion for them, many of them embraced the new belief and adapted to the environment here. As per local lore, a long time ago a ship loaded with African slaves came to the port of Gujarat and when those Africans landed they saw the lion of Gir and they thought they reached Africa. But it became a shock for them.

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Culture And Heritage

The Siddhi Peoples still hold their African unique culture. The Siddi community strictly married themselves, so their genes did not mix with the local Indian people. That is why they are still able to retain their unique African look. They have been living here for so long and have taken Gujarati customs as their tradition. They have almost forgotten their ancestral traditions. But they are trying to keep their few Bantu traditions preserved. They have been practising their traditional Goma Music and that dance form. And their dance style is still the same as the African dance style. The most interesting thing is that Siddhi People have maintained their African clothing fashion trend even from India. They wear colourful and bright clothes in their daily life. They maintain a unique balance of Indian culture and African culture in their simple life.

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When people all over the world go to the bars when they have a little time, for their favourite booze. Then the Rwandan People of Africa do the same thing, they also go to the bar but to drink milk. Rwanda is famous for the milk bars cultures all around the country. The capital of Rwanda, Kigali, completely crowded at every bar since early morning. Lots of motorcycles and cycles parked in front of every bar. And inside the bar, people have a glass of milk of their choice. And it’s the daily morning ritual of those people. Whenever a customer enters the bar, the milk bar owner smiled and said Mwaramutse – good morning in Kinyarwanda (The Offical language in Rwanda).

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Milk Bar Help Socialise People

All kinds of people can be seen in these bars, from kids to young people and old people. Some are eating beans with bread here, some are sitting with doughnuts or cakes. The interesting thing is that everyone is drinking the same thing here and that milk. Almost the same scene in all the milk bars throughout the city in Rwanda.

These milk bars constantly help to socialize different people and different communities. They like to meet for breakfast or lunch, to socialize with people from different backgrounds. They all enjoy having a good time and cheers together but the most common thing is the glass of milk in everyone’s hands.

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Kuruhimbi Milk Bar

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Kuruhimbi is one of the most famous milk bar chains in Kigali’s. This bar doesn’t serve a drop of liquor. Instead, milk is on tap. With the popularity of the Kuruhimbi milk bar, many similar milk bars are made all over the country. At the same time, there is a growing demand for milk businesses and milk products across Rwanda.

The bar menu is simple. Poured from a vast metal drum in the corner of the shop, frothy cups of milk are served hot or cold, with snacks such as cake, bread and boiled eggs. Ikivuguto, the thick fermented milk, is one of Kuruhimbi’s specialities.

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The Rwandan Wish

In Rwanda, you will say if you want to wish someone well you say ‘Gira Nika’ means may you have a cow or “amashyo” (have thousands of cows), and you’ll hear the response, “amashongore” (have thousands of female cows). When you want to express profound gratitude, you say, “nguhaye inka” which means I give you a cow.

Milk bar is unique to Rwanda. Cows are intrinsic to Rwandan culture and heritage. About 70 per cent of the population in this country is engaged in the agriculture sector.

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The Kalash People Picture Source By Google Image

For centuries, the Kalash People lived in a remote mountainous region which now spreads contiguously across Afghanistan and Pakistan. However, Kalash people who lived in the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan carried on the legacy. The natural beauty of this region, almost isolated from the earth.

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The people, known as Kalash. They are said to have descended from soldiers of the army of Alexander the Great who traveled this way in 324 BCE. The animist Kalash is outwardly different from the darker-skinned Pakistani Muslims who live in the lowlands below them. Today, they form the smallest of Pakistan’s minority ethnic groups (numbering between 3,000 to 4,000 people) and can be found in three valleys: Bumburet, Rumbur, and Birir. The Kalash language is said to be part of the Dardic group of Indo-Aryan languages.

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Who Is This Kalash people

They say their ancestors came from Greece. There is a lot of evidence of it in history. According to historians, Alexander the Great conquered the mountains of northern Pakistan 2,000 years ago, where the Kalash now live. The people of Kalash have also been living here for almost two thousand years. There is no resemblance between Arabic or Urdu, the language spoken by the people of the Kalash tribe, which belongs to the Indo-Iranian language. According to Kalash people said that Alexander came to India even before Islam. When he returned to Greece after winning the war, some of his comrades remained. They like the natural beauty of Hindu Kush. Married local women. The infidel Kalash of Hindu Kush are their descendants.

The New York Times found that the Kalash people’s DNA seems to indicate that they had an infusion of European blood during a “mixing event” at roughly the time of Alexander’s conquests. These isolated people are thus most likely the direct descendants of the ancient Greek-Macedonian armies who set up outposts in this region 2,300 years ago.

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They Follow Ancient Culture

The Kalash people kept their pagan rituals and worshipped their ancient gods in outdoor temples, despite the fact that most Pakistanis converted to Islam throughout the decades. Most importantly, they produced wine much like the Greeks of antiquity did. This is a Muslim country that forbade alcohol.

They cultivate on the slopes of the hills for their livelihood. They have a life full of dance, song, entertainment. Earlier, the people followed a simple life, mostly dependent on agriculture and cattle rearing. Buckwheat and other crops were grown in the river valleys. The food prepared in wood-fired ovens. They followed a nature-oriented faith. which later some researchers equated with the animistic form of worship while others found similarities with ancient Hindu concepts.

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Customs

The customs of the Kalashas are very strange. One of them that has been much discussed is the custom of sending menstruating as well as pregnant women to the ‘Bashaleni’, a dorm-style building far from the main village. It is frequently referred to as a type of oppression by modern cultural interpreters. But according to Kalash people, it is the women who handle the bulk of everyday work; the time out.

The Kalash follow various social customs and rituals. When a boy goes from adolescence to youth, the boy, sent to the high mountains with sheep for the whole summer. When he survives and comes back to the village, Badulak festival is happing. In this festival, he will stay for one day, with any married, unmarried, and virgin girl in the village. For this, if anyone is pregnant, everyone in the village will consider it a blessing.

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Festival

Barbara West, a professor of anthropology at the University of Rochester. He says in the Encyclopedia of the Peoples of Asia and Oceania that “Kalash religion is a form of Hinduism that recognizes many gods and spirits” and that “given their Indo-Aryan language … the religion of The Kalasha is much more closely aligned the Hinduism of their Indian neighbors.

There are three main religious festivals of Kalash. In May, ‘Chilam Joshi’ is ‘Uchau’ in autumn and in mid-winter, the best festival is ‘Kaumus’. In this festival, they create human chains around the whole village. The priest of the temple spread the leaves of the juniper tree on the devotees like leather. At the end of the day, everyone dances and eats in a place called ‘Charso’ in the middle of the village.

The Kalas believe that at this time their most revered deity is ‘Baloman’ or they go around the valley and listen to everyone’s prayers. So big fires and torches are lit in the mountains to pay homage to the deity. Then they play the flute around the fire, play drums made of pinewood, clap their hands, and dance in circles.

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Modern Lifestyle

Numerous Kalash men and women in Nuristan, Afghanistan, have been forced to convert by the Taliban. But the Pakistani Kalash people are still fighting to preserve the tradition they have held for thousands of years. They are trying to hold on to their ancient culture. The traditions continue even today but have been much influenced by the incursions of modern lifestyle as motorable roads (rough and dusty) have made the remote villages accessible. Shops have opened in the valleys which provide meat and other food items, consumer products, etc. Electrification has made televisions, mobile phones and computers accessible. 

Even though the Kalash people and their culture, changing slowly over time. The elderly keepers are worried that the advent of modern lifestyle and the younger generation’s proximity to the Islamic lifestyle. A leader of the Kalash, Saifullah Jan, has stated, “If any Kalash converts to Islam, they cannot live among us anymore. We keep our identity strong.” About three thousand have converted to Islam or are descendants of converts, yet still, live nearby in the Kalash villages and maintain their language and many aspects of their ancient culture. 

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Tourism Kalash Valley

Tourism has also made inroads into the Kalash villages. Unless hindered by political situations, tourists arrive in spring and summer to see the rugged breathtaking beauty of the region and the unique lifestyle of the Kalash people. The villagers too look upon tourism as a way of earning and have set up homestays and hotels, and shops selling local handicrafts. One of the best occasions to visit the Kalash villages is during their colorful festivals.

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Travel brings surprises with a new trip. Travel teaches me how to earn people. I always get excited before travelling to a new place and rarely fall asleep the night before. Before my trip to Nagaland, I got to hear a lot about the place from known and unknown people. Those were so full of predictions and hallucination that a normal person would drop the idea of visiting Nagaland. But when I finally reached Nagaland, I was overwhelmed to see Naga people’s hospitality.

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The Unknown Trip

During a trip, we get to mingle with locals which is vital too. And once we get to mix with them, their culture, their life becomes much easier for us to understand. During my Nagaland trip, I get in touch with some Nagas. We gel very easily, which smoothen my way to understand their culture. I have a lot of stories in this regard, all in all, this blog will not end in one page, it may become a little book. The story I will share here has changed my whole thought about Nagaland and its people.

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The Naga Hospitality

Hornbill Festival is one of the biggest tribe festivals in Nagaland. More than two lakh people from all over the world come here every year to attend this festival. The main purpose of this festival is to showcase the culture of the sixteen tribes of Nagaland to the whole world through the carnival. And I meet here some local people who are my age. I get a lot of information about Naga culture, Naga food and their daily life from them. They tell me about some authentic naga food and for my first-time experience, they order some of the items too. And no one allows me to pay the bill. The reason for them is simple and straight, they can’t allow their guest to pay for anything.

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Cheers

New Bonding

Life is beautiful not because of the things we see or do. Life is beautiful because of the people we meet. The people of Nagaland have made me feel like family. After our lunch at the Hornbill Festival, they drive me to different places around Kisama village. It turns out to be a special evening for me in Nagaland. I remember the moment when they take me to a hill to have coffee. We sit for a long time there and sing Hindi movie songs with hot coffee. At that moment it feels like I am at home with my people. They all start forcing me to spend my rest days in Nagaland with them in their house and I can no longer stay at my guest house.

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New Bonding

They Are Waiting For Me

Next morning a car comes to pick me from my guest house. They talk to the guest house owner and pick me from there. For the next few days, I belong to a Kohima house. I don’t know the name of that place.

From morning to afternoon, we roam around various places in Nagaland. I taste a lot of authentic Naga food, which is not usually found in any restaurant, only made at Naga home. They never miss keeping my only request of one cup of tea in the morning. They request their Bengali neighbors for that tea. I don’t know how to say thank you to them. Every night we go to parties at hidden places in Nagaland. One night I pay our food bills secretly. But as they find out, they request me not to insult their culture. I feel ashamed. At that moment I don’t know what to say to them.

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On the day of my return, they insist on driving me from Kohima to Dimapur. Kohima to Dimapur it’s around 4hr journey. I can’t let that happen. And somehow I manage to convince them. I already have my bus ticket from Kohima. I still remember when they come to see me off at the bus stand, we all group hugged. They say that next year too they will wait for me.

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Naga By Birth ..love the tag line

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